Gynecomastia is the medical term for “man boobs”, or enlarged male breasts. There are many different causes of gynecomastia, but it can be emotionally distressing for men, especially in situations where it’s normal to go shirtless. Gynecomastia can be treated non-surgically in some men but for others, gynecomastia surgery is the most effective way to achieve a flatter, more masculine contour. If you’re considering gynecomastia surgery, then a double board-certified plastic surgeon like Dr. Diktaban can help. Here’s what to know about gynecomastia and what you can expect from surgery.

What Causes Gynecomastia?

There are many different causes of gynecomastia, some of which might be related to lifestyle and others related to underlying health concerns. Some of the most common causes are excess weight and the use of drugs like anabolic steroids, alcohol, or marijuana. However, gynecomastia can also be caused by increased hormone levels due to estrogen-containing medications. Some men experience gynecomastia during puberty for the same reason. Whatever the causes, it’s important to consult a board-certified plastic surgeon who can help you determine if the causes are treatable through other means or whether surgery is your best option.

How is Gynecomastia Treated?

Gynecomastia can sometimes be treated by making lifestyle adjustments or changing medications. Dr. Diktaban can consult with your regular physician to help you explore alternative medications or adjust dosages. If lifestyle factors are a cause, Dr. Diktaban can help you determine what they are and how to adjust accordingly.

Gynecomastia surgery is one of the most effective ways to treat gynecomastia, but there are actually two different types of gynecomastia that can determine the course of your surgery. In many cases, Dr. Diktaban performs a combination approach.


Pseudogynecomastia is where enlarged breasts are caused by fat. This typically applies to men who have excess weight or who underwent weight fluctuations. Pseudogynecomastia is best treated with liposuction through a small incision. Gynecomastia surgery can also be performed using newer liposuction technologies like radiofrequency-assisted or power-assisted liposuction for even better results.


“True” gynecomastia is caused by enlarged breast tissue which is too fibrous and dense to be removed by liposuction. Gynecomastia surgery for this type typically involves surgical removal through an incision around the areola. It might also involve getting rid of excess skin and lifting the chest to a more upright position.

Am I A Good Candidate for Gynecomastia Surgery?

Good candidates for gynecomastia surgery are men who are in overall good health and able to undergo surgery without added health risks. If you’ve explored all possible causes with the help of Dr. Diktaban and determine that surgery is the best option, then he can help you explore the right surgical approach for your circumstances.

Schedule a Consultation

Gynecomastia is treatable with the help of a board-certified plastic surgeon. Dr. Diktaban performs this surgery under cocktail anesthesia. To learn more, schedule a private consultation with Dr. Diktaban at our Upper East Side office by calling or filling out our online form.

Double Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon at THEODORE DIKTABAN, MD, FACS | + posts

Dr. Theodore Diktaban, MD FACS, a double board-certified plastic surgeon with 35+ years of experience, specializes in safe and subtle cosmetic treatments, enhancing natural beauty and boosting self-confidence in the Upper East Side and New York City.

Theodore Diktaban, MD, FACS
Double Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon

For over 35 years, Theodore Diktaban, MD, FACS, has made it his life's work to enhance the natural beauty of his patients in the Upper East Side and surrounding areas of New York City. As a double board-certified plastic surgeon, Dr. Diktaban provides the ideal blend of realistic, aesthetic, and safe cosmetic treatments and procedures.

You Might Also Enjoy ...

Debunking Myths About Gynecomastia with Dr. Theodore Diktaban

Gynecomastia can be challenging to understand, but with an enlightening exploration led by esteemed plastic surgeon Dr. Theodore Diktaban, patients do not have to suffer alone. Through his expertise, [...]

May 9, 2024

Working Out After Gynecomastia Surgery: What to Know

If you’ve been struggling to get rid of gynecomastia with diet and exercise, it’s normal to feel frustrated when you don’t achieve the results you’re hoping for. The reality is, many men [...]

January 29, 2021

What Should I Expect During My Gynecomastia Surgery Recovery?

The way men feel about their bodies is important, and sometimes even a healthy lifestyle doesn’t produce the physique they desire. For some men, this dissatisfaction may stem from enlarged male [...]

October 6, 2020